Sensitivity Analysis of Wasserstein Distributionally Robust Optimization Problems

Daniel Bartl, Samuel Drapeau, Jan Obloj and Johannes Wiesel
Proceedings of the Royal Society A 477:20210176
We consider sensitivity of a generic stochastic optimization problem to model uncertainty. We take a non-parametric approach and capture model uncertainty using Wasserstein balls around the postulated model. We provide explicit formulae for the first order correction to both the value function and the optimizer and further extend our results to optimization under linear constraints. We present applications to statistics, machine learning, mathematical finance and uncertainty quantification. In particular, we provide explicit first-order approximation for square-root LASSO regression coefficients and deduce coefficient shrinkage compared to the ordinary least squares regression. We consider robustness of call option pricing and deduce a new Black-Scholes sensitivity, a non-parametric version of the so-called Vega. We also compute sensitivities of optimized certainty equivalents in finance and propose measures to quantify robustness of neural networks to adversarial examples.
Robust stochastic optimization, Sensitivity analysis, Uncertainty quantification, Non-parametric uncertainty, Wasserstein metric
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